<div style='background-color: none transparent;'></div>


leh: Selpius Bobii.
"We're not a political prisoner, but Political Prisoner. Letter or statement for this, I prefer to use Political Prisoners as political prisoners by the Indonesian term is synonymous with criminal. We arrested not because of criminal conduct, but because of political action to Papua independence ", said a statement Filep J. S. Karma discussions perception when we plan to address the granting of pardon by the president of the Republic of Indonesia. Filep statement above is a refusal mention of "political prisoners" by the Colonial State in Indonesia to the prisoners of conscience who were arrested and detained arbitrarily.

In a meeting held on May 24, 2013, the Prisoners of Conscience Vote Papuans in Abepura Prison has agreed to use "captives PAPUA POLITICAL FREEDOM (TAPOL PM)". Why we agreed to use the name of the Free Papua Political Prisoners and Political Prisoners refused designations? I explain this question in the following article.

In the country of Indonesia, to distinguish between those who are suspected of political action as opposed to criminal law, which is still prosecuted and perpetrators of political action that already has a permanent decision (inkrah), using the term "political prisoner" and "political prisoners". So-called political prisoner (political prisoners) if still in the process of law, and called political prisoners (detainees) when it has a legal decision inkrah (fixed).
Let us understand what the inmates. "Prisoners" consists of two words: Nara and Criminal. "Nara" means "man (person / human being)". "Criminal" means a criminal or crime, or a crime case. So prisoners means "the criminal or evildoers".

The term "political prisoners" a negative connotation, namely "political criminals". With the notion of "political prisoners" whose connotation is negative, then the person who allegedly violated the law or imprisoned due to political action is seen as well as criminals, the authorities (security personnel) and the jailer in Indonesia always equate with political prisoners and detainees common criminal inmates. Even political prisoners often are discriminated against and dealt with by arbitrary authorities (TNI / Police) and jailers. It happened because of lack of understanding of the status of political prisoners.

To address ill-ill of the security forces and prison guards against prisoners in Indonesian politics, protests and pressure from various parties had come from within the country and abroad, such as the Prisoners in the UK, HRW, Amnesty International, and other bodies. Even the Human Rights Council of the United Nations (UN Human Rights Council) also condemned the ill-treatment and arbitrary security forces and prison guards in Indonesia to the political prisoners who were jailed for expressing opinions in public in peace, or political action to uphold justice and truth. One of the recommendations of the Universal Periodic Reviuw (UPR) by the UN Human Rights Council in May 2012 is to ask Indonesia to release political prisoners unconditionally. And also asked Indonesia to repeal sedition clause article in the Criminal Code, as opposed to lofty principles and international law.

Designation of political prisoners is part of the Indonesian state efforts to criminalize political aspirations disampaikn and fought through peaceful means. Indeed there are people arrested for making violent political action, for example by using a firearm / traditional weapons to achieve political goals. Political prisoners are not appropriate designations used for those held as his nation's fight for freedom from imperialism. They were imprisoned with background ideological differences of nationality cases, prison guards can not afford and do not ever change the ideology which he was fighting. Because it called for the perpetrators of political prisoners whose backgrounds political action cases, inappropriately used. Use designation is appropriate in this case the category is "independent of political prisoners".

The term "political prisoners" were not accepted by the negative connotation of Papuan political prisoners. On May 24, 2013 in the Abepura Prison - Jayapura - Papua, the nation's prisoners of conscience Papua expressly disclaims any express mention of "political prisoners" and agreed to use the "captives PAPUA POLITICAL FREEDOM".

The idea of ​​using political prisoner Filep proposed by Mr. J. S. Karma. The proposal, originally a long discussion among the prisoners of conscience the voice of the Papuan people. Finally agreed to use the "captives PAPUA POLITICAL FREEDOM (TAPOL PM or TPPM)".

Selection of the use of political prisoners for several reasons, namely: first, since the nation of Papua was annexed into the Homeland, the nation of Papua have been arrested by Homeland and its allies. Second, specifically the nation's prisoners of conscience detained by Indonesian Papua in Indonesia's colonial prisons. Third, the term political prisoner negative connotation of "political criminals or political criminals".

In the English dictionary by John M. Echols & Hassan Shadily, the word "prisoner" can be called "prisoners" or "prisoners". There are several types of captives, among others: POW (prisoner of war), political prisoners (of political prisoner), etc..

Political prisoners by Filep J. S. Karma is all the people who were arrested and detained arbitrarily by the state through the authorities because of differences in political ideology or exercising freedom of expression and other political action in the fight for the freedom of a nation, both of which have not been processed by the law, are being prosecuted or who already have law-making the inkrah.

Below I describe it to be understood about political prisoners. If the state apparatus through authorities arrest and detain activists of freedom fighters of a nation, then the activists detained by the colonial state. The prisoners were "political prisoners nationality freedom fighters". Political prisoners freedom fighters of the nation, as one of the obvious evidence of the nation's freedom movement of imperialism. Colonial state imprison political prisoners in particular and the colonial state imprison colonized people in general.

The prisoners, some held captive in the ordinary and extraordinary circumstances. Prisoners of war and political prisoners in the category of special custody.
In an atmosphere of war between two countries or two or more nations, if any other party arrested and secured, it can be called a "prisoner of war" (prisoner of war). In the absence of war, a country may detain citizens who commit violent dissent or protest peacefully and to the government. This case category can be said to be "political prisoners" or it could be called a "political prisoner".
In the absence of war / semi wars or wars, if the indigenous people of a nation that demands freedom of the nation from imperialism, and trying to reach their goals by peaceful political action and or using firearms or traditional weapons. If among the freedom fighters, who were detained there by the colonial state, the so-called "political prisoners" or "political prisoners".To distinguish between prisoners of war and detainees / prisoners politics, then the following devinisinya. Prisoners of war are soldiers who were arrested and detained during or after the end of armed conflict between two states / nations or more. Political prisoners or prisoners are divided into two categories: first, in prison for disobedience to reorganize the order of the state / government (political action, but the purpose is not to establish state action); secondly, jailed for fighting for the freedom of a nation (political action to establish a new state).

To distinguish between the political prisoners detained for political action in order to repair or overhaul the system of state / government, and political action to establish a new country, so in this article I used: ordinary political prisoners, political prisoners and freedom (Independence Political Prisoner) ".
Citizens detained by the state due to dissent or protest to improve the system of government / state are categorized into regular political prisoners. While independence is a political prisoner who was detained by state / other nations due to its struggle for freedom from colonial nation states / nations.

With the devinisi above, it is clear the position of prisoners of war, and the usual political prisoners and freedom of political prisoners. Prisoners of war detained in the interest of knowing the power of the opponent, and or to achieve negotiations between the warring parties and or as prevalent effect. "Political Prisoner usual" rehabilitate themselves detained by prison or house arrest in order to get back into good citizens and obey the regulations. And also independent of political prisoners were detained by the state to curb, rehabilitate myself and give up, but in fact, political prisoners Freedom Fighters generally defend his nation's liberation ideology of imperialism. Not as young as the invaders changed ideology championed by the nation and not give up too easy. There is also a certain political prisoners succumbed to the colonial regime and the president's request for clemency and pardon
accept the pardon. This action is seen as a betrayal of the freedom struggle of the nation. Due to receive clemency from heads of state / kingdom would surrender to the colonial regime.Especially for regular political prisoners can receive clemency because he is not fighting for a new country. "Prisoner of ordinary politics" during his imprisonment received special training by the state through the prison warden to change behavior and rehabilitate reputation by complying with the laws in force in the country concerned. Such as the Political Prisoners who were jailed for mutiny PKI (Indonesian Communist Party). Among them there are also difonis lifetime, but was released by the Indonesian president granted clemency.

Prisoners of war are often detained without due process of law were arrested and detained by armed conflict between the two nations / countries or more than two states / nations. As for the person who allegedly violated the law because political action aimed at overhauling the system of government or state, can be retained for the legal process to prove violations of criminal laws (case) alleged by the authorities; if convicted, the defendant was sentenced to prison.

Political prisoners captured freedom fighters to the nation without due process of law and also retained through the legal process. In the era of the old order and the new order, mostly political prisoners detained without due process of law. Since the era of reform, political prisoners processed through racially discriminatory laws.

Through this paper, our Political Prisoner to convey to the people of Papua Merdeka Papuan people and the international community that sympathizers in campaigns and political lobbying to use the designation "captives / PAPUA POLITICAL PRISONERS FREEDOM" (TAPOL PM / TPPM). Let us forget or negate political aspirations criminalization terminology as "political prisoners" (detainees) were born by the State of Indonesia.
Remember that Papuan political prisoners political freedom is not criminal. Precisely colonial Indonesian state is "Political Criminal Regime". Why is Homeland Criminal Regime Politics? First, the independence of the Republic of Indonesia annexed Papua sovereignty of the nation into the Republic of Indonesia through political and military invasion. Second, Homeland does not give freedom as possible for indigenous Papuans for the Act (Act of) in 1969. Therefore I say "Coercion of Free" (Act of), then the Act it can be said to be "legally flawed and morally". Third, Homeland still maintains West Papua in Homeland ways dirty and uncivilized.

Currently the State of Indonesia feel strong and able to defend nations from Sabang to Merauke, which has been engineered to be one nation and one country in the frame of "Homeland", with semboyang "Unity in Diversity" and the philosophy of "Pancasila". Homeland perform a variety of strategies and tactics to destroy the Papuan people's basic living and create a crisis in Papua. Crisis crisis is like a storm that turns. But Papuan people have this belief that many storms will pass; Homeland regime would withdraw from the homeland of West Papua; history of independent nations in the world have noted that "prison door" has proven to be a "door" to the "total freedom" , and I'm sure the people of Papua will be so, beautiful in His time. Amen.

Author: Selpius Bobii, (Chairman of the Union of People's Struggle Front West Papua is also a Political Prisoner in Prison Abepura Papua Merdeka).
Share this article :

No comments:

Copyright © 2011. Tuan Tanah Papua News . All Rights Reserved
Company Info | Contact Us | Privacy policy | Term of use | Widget | Advertise with Us | Site map
Template Modify by Creating Website. Inpire by Darkmatter Rockettheme Proudly powered by Blogger