leh: Selpius Bobii. "We're
not a political prisoner, but Political Prisoner. Letter or statement
for this, I prefer to use Political Prisoners as political prisoners by
the Indonesian term is synonymous with criminal. We arrested not because
of criminal conduct, but because of political action to Papua independence ", said a statement Filep J. S. Karma discussions perception when we plan to address the granting of pardon by the president of the Republic of Indonesia. Filep
statement above is a refusal mention of "political prisoners" by the
Colonial State in Indonesia to the prisoners of conscience who were
arrested and detained arbitrarily.
a meeting held on May 24, 2013, the Prisoners of Conscience Vote
Papuans in Abepura Prison has agreed to use "captives PAPUA POLITICAL
FREEDOM (TAPOL PM)". Why we agreed to use the name of the Free Papua Political Prisoners and Political Prisoners refused designations? I explain this question in the following article.
the country of Indonesia, to distinguish between those who are
suspected of political action as opposed to criminal law, which is still
prosecuted and perpetrators of political action that already has a
permanent decision (inkrah), using the term "political prisoner" and
"political prisoners". So-called
political prisoner (political prisoners) if still in the process of
law, and called political prisoners (detainees) when it has a legal
decision inkrah (fixed). Let us understand what the inmates. "Prisoners" consists of two words: Nara and Criminal. "Nara" means "man (person / human being)". "Criminal" means a criminal or crime, or a crime case. So prisoners means "the criminal or evildoers".
The term "political prisoners" a negative connotation, namely "political criminals". With
the notion of "political prisoners" whose connotation is negative, then
the person who allegedly violated the law or imprisoned due to
political action is seen as well as criminals, the authorities (security
personnel) and the jailer in Indonesia always equate with political
prisoners and detainees common criminal inmates. Even political prisoners often are discriminated against and dealt with by arbitrary authorities (TNI / Police) and jailers. It happened because of lack of understanding of the status of political prisoners.
address ill-ill of the security forces and prison guards against
prisoners in Indonesian politics, protests and pressure from various
parties had come from within the country and abroad, such as the
Prisoners in the UK, HRW, Amnesty International, and other bodies. Even
the Human Rights Council of the United Nations (UN Human Rights
Council) also condemned the ill-treatment and arbitrary security forces
and prison guards in Indonesia to the political prisoners who were
jailed for expressing opinions in public in peace, or political action to uphold justice and truth. One
of the recommendations of the Universal Periodic Reviuw (UPR) by the UN
Human Rights Council in May 2012 is to ask Indonesia to release
political prisoners unconditionally. And
also asked Indonesia to repeal sedition clause article in the Criminal
Code, as opposed to lofty principles and international law.
of political prisoners is part of the Indonesian state efforts to
criminalize political aspirations disampaikn and fought through peaceful
there are people arrested for making violent political action, for
example by using a firearm / traditional weapons to achieve political
goals. Political prisoners are not appropriate designations used for those held as his nation's fight for freedom from imperialism. They
were imprisoned with background ideological differences of nationality
cases, prison guards can not afford and do not ever change the ideology
which he was fighting. Because it called for the perpetrators of political prisoners whose backgrounds political action cases, inappropriately used. Use designation is appropriate in this case the category is "independent of political prisoners".
The term "political prisoners" were not accepted by the negative connotation of Papuan political prisoners. On
May 24, 2013 in the Abepura Prison - Jayapura - Papua, the nation's
prisoners of conscience Papua expressly disclaims any express mention of
"political prisoners" and agreed to use the "captives PAPUA POLITICAL
The idea of using political prisoner Filep proposed by Mr. J. S. Karma. The proposal, originally a long discussion among the prisoners of conscience the voice of the Papuan people. Finally agreed to use the "captives PAPUA POLITICAL FREEDOM (TAPOL PM or TPPM)".
of the use of political prisoners for several reasons, namely: first,
since the nation of Papua was annexed into the Homeland, the nation of
Papua have been arrested by Homeland and its allies. Second, specifically the nation's prisoners of conscience detained by Indonesian Papua in Indonesia's colonial prisons. Third, the term political prisoner negative connotation of "political criminals or political criminals".
In the English dictionary by John M. Echols & Hassan Shadily, the word "prisoner" can be called "prisoners" or "prisoners". There are several types of captives, among others: POW (prisoner of war), political prisoners (of political prisoner), etc..
Political prisoners by Filep J. S. Karma
is all the people who were arrested and detained arbitrarily by the
state through the authorities because of differences in political
ideology or exercising freedom of expression and other political action
in the fight for the freedom of a nation, both of which have not been
processed by the law, are being prosecuted or who already have
law-making the inkrah.
Below I describe it to be understood about political prisoners. If
the state apparatus through authorities arrest and detain activists of
freedom fighters of a nation, then the activists detained by the
colonial state. The prisoners were "political prisoners nationality freedom fighters". Political
prisoners freedom fighters of the nation, as one of the obvious
evidence of the nation's freedom movement of imperialism. Colonial state imprison political prisoners in particular and the colonial state imprison colonized people in general.
The prisoners, some held captive in the ordinary and extraordinary circumstances. Prisoners of war and political prisoners in the category of special custody. In
an atmosphere of war between two countries or two or more nations, if
any other party arrested and secured, it can be called a "prisoner of
war" (prisoner of war). In the absence of war, a country may detain citizens who commit violent dissent or protest peacefully and to the government. This case category can be said to be "political prisoners" or it could be called a "political prisoner". In
the absence of war / semi wars or wars, if the indigenous people of a
nation that demands freedom of the nation from imperialism, and trying
to reach their goals by peaceful political action and or using firearms
or traditional weapons. If
among the freedom fighters, who were detained there by the colonial
state, the so-called "political prisoners" or "political prisoners".To distinguish between prisoners of war and detainees / prisoners politics, then the following devinisinya. Prisoners
of war are soldiers who were arrested and detained during or after the
end of armed conflict between two states / nations or more. Political
prisoners or prisoners are divided into two categories: first, in
prison for disobedience to reorganize the order of the state /
government (political action, but the purpose is not to establish state
action); secondly, jailed for fighting for the freedom of a nation
(political action to establish a new state).
distinguish between the political prisoners detained for political
action in order to repair or overhaul the system of state / government,
and political action to establish a new country, so in this article I
used: ordinary political prisoners, political prisoners and freedom
(Independence Political Prisoner) ". Citizens
detained by the state due to dissent or protest to improve the system
of government / state are categorized into regular political prisoners. While
independence is a political prisoner who was detained by state / other
nations due to its struggle for freedom from colonial nation states /
the devinisi above, it is clear the position of prisoners of war, and
the usual political prisoners and freedom of political prisoners. Prisoners
of war detained in the interest of knowing the power of the opponent,
and or to achieve negotiations between the warring parties and or as
prevalent effect. "Political
Prisoner usual" rehabilitate themselves detained by prison or house
arrest in order to get back into good citizens and obey the regulations.
also independent of political prisoners were detained by the state to
curb, rehabilitate myself and give up, but in fact, political prisoners
Freedom Fighters generally defend his nation's liberation ideology of
imperialism. Not as young as the invaders changed ideology championed by the nation and not give up too easy. There is also a certain political prisoners succumbed to the colonial regime and the president's request for clemency and pardon accept the pardon. This action is seen as a betrayal of the freedom struggle of the nation. Due to receive clemency from heads of state / kingdom would surrender to the colonial regime.Especially for regular political prisoners can receive clemency because he is not fighting for a new country. "Prisoner
of ordinary politics" during his imprisonment received special training
by the state through the prison warden to change behavior and
rehabilitate reputation by complying with the laws in force in the
country concerned. Such as the Political Prisoners who were jailed for mutiny PKI (Indonesian Communist Party). Among them there are also difonis lifetime, but was released by the Indonesian president granted clemency.
of war are often detained without due process of law were arrested and
detained by armed conflict between the two nations / countries or more
than two states / nations. As
for the person who allegedly violated the law because political action
aimed at overhauling the system of government or state, can be retained
for the legal process to prove violations of criminal laws (case)
alleged by the authorities; if convicted, the defendant was sentenced to
prisoners captured freedom fighters to the nation without due process
of law and also retained through the legal process. In the era of the old order and the new order, mostly political prisoners detained without due process of law. Since the era of reform, political prisoners processed through racially discriminatory laws.
this paper, our Political Prisoner to convey to the people of Papua
Merdeka Papuan people and the international community that sympathizers
in campaigns and political lobbying to use the designation "captives /
PAPUA POLITICAL PRISONERS FREEDOM" (TAPOL PM / TPPM). Let
us forget or negate political aspirations criminalization terminology
as "political prisoners" (detainees) were born by the State of
Indonesia. Remember that Papuan political prisoners political freedom is not criminal. Precisely colonial Indonesian state is "Political Criminal Regime". Why is Homeland Criminal Regime Politics? First,
the independence of the Republic of Indonesia annexed Papua sovereignty
of the nation into the Republic of Indonesia through political and
military invasion. Second, Homeland does not give freedom as possible for indigenous Papuans for the Act (Act of) in 1969. Therefore I say "Coercion of Free" (Act of), then the Act it can be said to be "legally flawed and morally". Third, Homeland still maintains West Papua in Homeland ways dirty and uncivilized.
the State of Indonesia feel strong and able to defend nations from
Sabang to Merauke, which has been engineered to be one nation and one
country in the frame of "Homeland", with semboyang "Unity in Diversity"
and the philosophy of "Pancasila". Homeland perform a variety of strategies and tactics to destroy the Papuan people's basic living and create a crisis in Papua. Crisis crisis is like a storm that turns. But
Papuan people have this belief that many storms will pass; Homeland
regime would withdraw from the homeland of West Papua; history of
independent nations in the world have noted that "prison door" has
proven to be a "door" to the "total freedom" , and I'm sure the people of Papua will be so, beautiful in His time. Amen.
Selpius Bobii, (Chairman of the Union of People's Struggle Front West
Papua is also a Political Prisoner in Prison Abepura Papua Merdeka).